The Aghori Panth is a sect of the Shaivite sect. He is also known as ‘Aghor’, ‘Oghad’, ‘Audar’, ‘Sarbhang’ and ‘Avadhut’. The Atharva Veda and the Yajurveda mention Shiva’s awful tanu. Shiva is worshiped in Mysore and other parts of the country under the name ‘Aghorishwar’.
From this the present sect is associated with the sects ‘Pashupat’ and ‘Kalmukh’ of the Shaivite sect. Also, some of his theories are associated with ‘Natha Pantha’ and Tantramarga. The origin of the sect is considered to be Abu in Gujarat.
History and background of Aghori Panth
The famous Chinese traveler Yuan Chuang described these Aghori Panth. These people lived in a state of ashes on their limbs, necklaces of human skulls around their necks and naked. Some people carried the bark or leaves of trees, while others carried tiger skin. Chamunda is their deity and they offer human sacrifices to her. They also ate the flesh of corpses.
Anandgiri also describes him in the same way in Shankardigvijaya. They ate all kinds of meat, avoiding horse meat. They also eat their own excrement mixed with food. He believed that it had supernatural powers. This type is called ‘Atilia’.
No official information is available about the cult’s conduct and philosophy. His principles coincide with the Nirguna Advaita Mata. Hatha Yoga and Dhyana Yoga are preferred in their practice. Their conduct is based on technical literature. They worship the Guru as Vibhuti. Alcoholism is allowed in the cult.
Gorakhnath is said to be his original guide Guru. Types of sorcery and witchcraft abound in the cult. Not everyone in the sect dresses the same. Some use white, while others use colored clothing. He has followers who are both hermits and householders. Wanderers make a living by begging. His meditation with braids, rudraksha garlands, a skirt around his waist and a trident in his hand is frightening to the common man.
Aghori sect residence
Although their numbers are small, they are scattered all over India. Some Muslims are also followers of this sect. Their numbers are special in Bihar and Rajasthan. Recently they have started using garments. Their wives wander about in gangs.
The practice of human sacrifice and nudity stopped in English Amdani. Instead of human bone garlands, they are now using crystal and rudraksha garlands.
‘Kinram’ is a man who passed away at the end of the eighteenth century. The book ‘Viveksar’ written by him is considered as standard in the sect. This sect is also called ‘Kinarami Panth’ after its name.