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Anabaptist | Definition, Description, Movement, Beliefs, History

Anabaptist, is a Christian denomination. The cult flourished in Germany, mainly after the religious reform movement started by Martin Luther. Anabaptists were against infant baptism (a rite of passage into Christianity).


As reformers, the Anabaptists were very bitter, so they were opposed to a softer group within the reformers. He tried to sort out the issues like interrelationship between church and state.

History of the Anabaptist

In 1521, the sect was founded in Tsvikau, Germany, under the leadership of Thomas Muntser (1489-1525), a Lutheran cleric. Muntser’s principles had a profound effect on the clergy of the lower classes. Muntser was captured and deported for three years.

In southern Germany, there was another revolt in 1525 under the domination of Muntzer. It is famous as a great peasant struggle. The struggle was mainly against the church-authorities and demanded the promotion of socialist principles as well as equality.

After the execution of Muntzer in 1525, the movement suffered a brief setback. But, later this ideology spread in the regions of Switzerland and Netherlands.

A similar but last unsuccessful uprising took place in 1535–1535 in Munster, Westphalia. Later, however, the word itself was banned and the sect became completely bemoan.

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