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How Prithviraj Chauhan died

Prithviraj III, commonly known as Prithviraj Chauhan, was a king of the Chauhan dynasty. In this article, we will know how Prithviraj Chauhan died. He ruled over the traditional Chauhan region ‘Sapadalaksha’ in present-day north-western India. They also controlled parts of present-day Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. His capital was located at Ajayameru (Ajmer).

How Prithviraj Chauhan died

Prithviraj initially achieved military success against several neighboring Hindu kingdoms. He was particularly successful against the Chandela king Parmardidev. He also stopped the initial invasion of Ghori dynasty ruler Mohammad Ghori. However, in the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192, Ghori defeated Prithviraj. His defeat at Tarain is seen as a landmark event in the Islamic conquest of India.

How Prithviraj Chauhan died

Various stories are prevalent about the death of Prithviraj. According to Raso, Chand Bardai persuaded Mohammad Ghori to look into the literal prowess of Prithviraj. It is said that Gauri broke Prithviraj’s eyes with hot bars. So he got convinced and set out to see the skill of a blind man. Meanwhile, this verse of Chand is famous-

Char Bans Chaubis Gaj, Angul Asht Praman।
Taa Upar Sultan Hai, Mat Chuk Chauhan!

(चार बांस चौबीस गज, अंगुल अष्ट प्रमाण।
ता ऊपर सुल्तान है, मत चूके चौहान!)

The story goes that after this Prithviraj killed Mohammad Ghori with an arrow. This event has become somewhat historical, as it does not coincide with the date of death of Mohammad Ghori. History says that Ghori died on 15 March 1206. He was killed on the arrow of Jhelum by a group of Jats named Khokhar. His grave is also there. Whose grave is then in Ghazni?

Another story says that, due to some reason, Mohammad Ghori could not attend the court at the time of Shabad. The real name of Mohammad Ghori was Shahabuddin. His elder brother Ghiyasuddin was the Sultan at that time. The Sultan mentioned in the verse is probably Ghiyasuddin, who died in 1202. The cause of death of Ghiyasuddin is not given in Islamic sources. But, the incident mentioned in Raso is of 1202. So some dates match. Shahabuddin became the Sultan after Ghiyasuddin and lived for six more years.

According to Jain sources, Prithviraj was imprisoned in battle by Muhammad Ghori and was later murdered. It is said in ‘Viruddha Vidhivansh’ that Prithviraj died on the battlefield itself. Fourteenth century Jain scholar ‘Merutung’ has said in his treatise ‘Prabandha Chintamani’ that seeing the anti-Muslim painting in Chauhan’s museum, Mohammad Ghori got enraged and killed Prithviraj.

It has been said in ‘Prithviraj Prabandha’ that Prithviraj was brought to Ajaymeru i.e. present Ajmer after being taken prisoner. Ajayameru was the capital of Prithviraj. Mohammad Ghori placed his throne in front of Prithviraj’s room.

The story says that Prithviraj wanted to take revenge on Mohammad Ghori, so he asked one of his ministers, Pratap Singh, to bring him an arrow and a bow. Pratap Singh brought Dhanushyakodi. But Gauri also came to know about this, that is, Pratap Singh cheated. On discovering the conspiracy, Mohammad Ghori dug a pit and threw Prithviraj in it. People killed Prithviraj by pelting stones on the way.

In the poem ‘Hammira’ of Jain sage Nayan Suri, it is said that after the defeat, Prithviraj stopped eating and drinking and because of this he died. Islamic sources say that Ghori killed Prithviraj soon after he was imprisoned. One thing is clear from these stories that Prithviraj died as soon as Mohammad Ghori was imprisoned.

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