Polytheism is the belief that there are many superpowers, individuals, or deities that control the diverse universe and life, and that by their grace it is in the best interests of mankind.
It is believed that monotheism is the top step in the development of theology. But Andrew Lang, an anthropologist, is of the opinion that the idea of a single ruler governing the universe was originally suggested to man.
Background and History of Polytheism
Ancient Chinese, Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek, Roman, Hindu etc. The religion of the people was polytheistic religion. Sun, Sky, Air, Earth, Sea, Water, Fire, Rain etc. Seeing the vast expanses and their effects on human life, it seems that man imagined in them such forces and persons as conscious and controlling. These ideas are formed through emotional reactions. The emotional response is also influenced by the rites formed in his economic, political and social life.
The people of the republic imagine the workings of the deities as places in the republic, while the people of the monarchy imagine one deity as the place of the king, the rest of the deities as assistant or secondary. The food of the deities is conceived in the same way as man’s own food. Hinduism is polytheistic.
But as in Hinduism, one of the gods Vishnu or Shiva is the main deity and the rest are Indra, Varuna, Ganesha etc. The deities are considered subordinate and subordinate to the chief deity. According to Advaitavada, one Paramatma is the main deity, and all the others are Shiva, Vishnu, Bahma, Indra, Varuna etc. It is believed that the deity, Paramatman, has different manifestations or manifestations.
First, a single primitive society that worshiped a single deity came into existence separately. When these monotheistic societies came together for various reasons, their deities also came together and they became polytheistic. However, this view is controversial.