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Solid Waste Management in India

For solid waste management in India, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified the ‘Solid Waste Management Rules 2000’ and the restructured Solid Waste Management Rules 2000. Initiatives are being taken in this direction in different parts of the country. But much remains to be done for a comprehensive solution to the issues related to solid waste management.

Solid Waste Management in India

Solid Waste Management in India

The main objective of efficient solid waste management system is to obtain maximum useful resources from the waste and generate energy. So that at least the waste material has to be dumped in the landfill area. The reason for this is that the waste being dumped in the landfill has to bear the heavy brunt.

On the one hand, it requires a lot of land, which is continuously decreasing. On the other hand, garbage is also a potential cause of air, soil and water pollution. The waste generator is responsible for segregation of waste, which is a basic requirement of solid waste management.

Solid waste management has become a major problem in India as the amount of urban waste has increased tremendously as a result of urbanization, industrialization and economic development. The problem has been further complicated by the rapidly increasing population and improving the standard of living of the people.

The main objective of an efficient solid waste management system is to extract useful substances from the waste and generate electricity from the leftover waste to the processing center and reduce the amount of waste dumped in landfills due to rapidly shrinking land. This is affecting the resources very badly.

Such dumped waste can pose a risk of air, soil and water pollution. The first requirement for all waste processing centers is the separation of dry and wet waste. If the garbage is not being collected and sorted and is not being sent to the processing center properly then it is not possible to process it. In this situation the waste is dumped in the landfill.

If the waste is collected and sent to the processing center without sorting, its processing is very difficult. Because with such waste there is also construction and demolition debris which can be used directly in the processing plant. There is a need for complete coordination between activities such as garbage collection, sorting and transportation. Only then can it be used in the processing center of that area.

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