You must have seen that raids are conducted at the time of every government, huge amount of cash and illegally deposited assets are confiscated, some culprits are also put behind bars, but perhaps no one learns from them. This is the reason that every time the figures of corruption increase slightly. In this article, we will know what are the main causes of Corruption and what is its effect on the society.
What are the main causes of corruption
(1) Social causes
1. Social Acceptance – People do not complain against corrupt employees, but give bribe to fulfill their wrong demands. However, this trend has slowed somewhat in recent years.
2. Deterioration of moral values - Corruption has been encouraged due to the degradation of moral values in Indian society and individuals. Today a person wants to get his work done by adopting some unfair method.
3. Various evils prevailing in the society – Many evils prevailing in the society also encourage corruption, such as due to the dowry system, money is raised by the government servant for this dowry through corruption.
4. Overpopulation – Large population of the country is another major reason for corruption. The government is not able to provide quality public services to such a large population, so bribes are paid by the people to get these services.
5. Various evils prevailing in the society – Many evils prevailing in the society also encourage corruption, such as due to the dowry system, money is raised by the government servant for this dowry through corruption.
6. Lack of public awareness – There is a lack of public awareness against corruption in India. People don’t complain about corruption. Therefore, the lack of opposition to corruption also encourages it.
(2) Political causes
1. Lack of political will – Lack of political initiative or will towards ending corruption promotes corruption.
2. Collusion between leaders and officials – Collusion between leaders and officials and the political support they get is an important cause of corruption. Politicians and officials together do scams, over which there is no control.
3. Increasing election expenditure – There is a lot of wastage of money in elections, which is compensated by corruption after victory.
4. Defects of Democratic Governance – Democracies try to ensure adequate public participation as a result of which the monitoring mechanism becomes highly flawed. In addition, the delayed legislative activities of a democracy also lead to corruption.
(3) Administrative causes of corruption
1. Acceptance of Corruption in Governance – Due to the increasing acceptance of corruption in governance-administration, corruption has got more encouragement.
2. Complicated Bureaucratic System – The working of bureaucracy in India is money, labor and time consuming as it is surrounded by laws, strict rules, complex procedures and written proceedings. Government servants also gradually become accustomed to taking bribes.
3. Lack of Transparency – Lack of transparency makes the process of corruption easy because under the guise of secrecy such data are hidden which can expose corruption, due to ambiguity in governance, more avenues of corruption are available.
(4) Statutory causes of corruption
1. Absence of strict laws – Due to the tendency of less punishment and minimum probability of punishment in the laws and regulations made for the prevention of corruption in India, the corrupt are not afraid of the law and because of this they are constantly involved in it. such activities.
2. Anti-corruption laws not effective – Lack of effective implementation of rules and laws made for the prevention of corruption also encourages corruption.
3. Complicated Judicial Process – The judicial process in India is extremely complex and delayed. For this reason, people involved in corruption often get away by prolonging the cases. Thus the failure of the judicial system of India to expedite the disposal of corruption cases encourages corruption.