In this article, we will know what is censure motion. There is no effect on the government in the case of a motion of censure as it threatens an individual member of the council, whereas in the case of a motion of no confidence, when the entire government is dissolved. For a no-confidence motion to be valid he needs to get the support of a majority from the Lok Sabha members, without which the motion is invalid.
What is a Censure motion
A censure motion, primarily a statement or vote, in which any particular person, government or any country internationally, who has committed any wrong act or law, socially, politically or morally, which is condemned in the House.
In India, a censure motion is introduced in the parliament or state assembly. It is introduced in the parliament by the opposition against a specific policy of the government or against a minister or council of ministers. The subject to which the proposal is related is discussed.
A motion of censure can be brought against a minister, the council of ministers or the prime minister. It does not require the Council of Ministers to resign if it is passed in the Lok Sabha. There is no effect on the government when the censure motion is passed. In November 2019, 50 Lok Sabha MPs had signed a motion of censure against BJP MP Pragya Thakur for insulting the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi.
Internationally, during the Russia-Ukraine war, a censure motion was introduced in the UN, condemning Russia for its attack on Ukraine. There is no direct impact on the government of any country when the censure motion is passed. However, passing such resolutions definitely tarnishes the image of the country.
Both a motion of censure or a motion of no-confidence are moved by a member of either House of Parliament or either of the Houses of Parliament. The two houses of Parliament are Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Condemnation motion and no-confidence motion are two completely different concepts. In the case of a no-confidence motion, a vote is taken against the government, saying that they are no longer fit to continue in office and exercise power, whereas in a motion of censure, there is no such threat.
The no-confidence motion is against all the council members of the Lok Sabha and not specifically against just one minister. The cabinet retains its power until it has the confidence of the majority of the members of the Lok Sabha. Not so in the case of a censure motion. The vote can be against a particular member of the council.