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What is Burst of Monsoon

In this article, we will know what is Burst of Monsoon. Monsoon is a seasonal wind that lasts for several months. These rains come from the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea in the south-west and cause heavy rainfall in this region. Monsoon also occurs in other regions such as North America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Brazil and East Asia. Part of this is the Burst of Monsoon.

What is Burst of Monsoon

What is Burst of Monsoon

Burst of Monsoon is a sudden increase in normal rainfall that lasts for several days in a row. Due to the high intensity of rain, it can damage our livelihood, farmers, crops and properties. The damage includes price rise, crop loss, and even more harshly for the life of the farmer they commit suicide. The Burst of Monsoon indicates an unexpected change in climatic conditions in India, which is described as a sudden increase in the average rainfall from day to day. Normal rainfall continues to rise and fall for a few days. This is known as the Burst of Monsoon.

Monsoons are mainly seasonal winds that reverse their direction according to the change of seasons. Monsoon starts its journey from sea to land in summer and from land to sea during winter. The monsoon period is between 100 and 120 days from the beginning of June to the middle of September. At the time of its arrival, normal rainfall increases suddenly and continues for several consecutive days, which is called Burst of Monsoon.

The reason for the uncertainty and irregularity of the monsoon is the jet stream itself. In the year when the jet stream moves north towards the Tibetan Plateau by mid-June, the monsoon usually arrives in the Indian subcontinent at the right time. In case of delay in the northward movement of the jet stream, the monsoon also reaches India late. As long as the position of the jet stream remains above low surface pressure, it does not rain because the jet stream prevents the low air pressure from rising. Hence the weather remains dry and hot.

From mid-June, the position of the jet stream turns to the north of the Tibetan Plateau and the flow direction reverses onto the winter path. The flow path of this jet is in the opposite direction of the cyclonic sequence over the northern part of Iran and Afghanistan.

As a result, a cyclonic condition develops over the northern part of the air. The position of this cyclone extends up to North-East India-Pakistan, over which thermal low pressure has already formed on the lower surface, due to which the air below rises, as well as the cyclonic direction ‘lower’ from bottom to top. The pressure also persists. This pulls the rising winds further upwards, leading to the rapid arrival of the South-East Monsoon, which is called the Burst of Monsoon.

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