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What is Immortality | Interpretation, Analysis and Importance

Immortality: The practice of performing the last rites of the dead is found in all major religions like Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Muslims, Jews, Zoroastrians etc. At the core of funeral rites in all these religions is the feeling that even though the physical body of a person appears to be destroyed, the person is still alive invisibly, even though a person’s physical body appears to be perishing. He is alive in an invisible form, that is, the soul of the individual has many types of consciousness, desires or needs. In this article, we will learn what is the meaning of immortality and what the principle of immortality of the soul says.

What is Immortality

What is Immortality

Immortality is the state in which a person lives forever. Just as a man takes off one garment and puts on another, so the soul renounces one body and puts on another. The body dies, but the soul does not die, such a belief is present in all societies and religions since time immemorial. But, even today the fundamentalists, materialistic philosophers, political parties and power in India and the world do not believe in the independent existence and immortality of the soul.

Doctrine of the immortality of the soul

Different from the body but living in the body, which through it conducts all life, uses the body or the senses as an instrument and discards them when unusable, the soul is mortal and immortal, this is called the ‘principle of immortality’.

Broadly speaking, immortality has been explained in two ways. According to Christian or Islamic belief, God creates the human soul which is immortal, unless created by God, the soul does not exist and there is no reincarnation.

According to Indian Hindu culture, the soul is uncreated, eternal and moves through the cycle of birth and death until it attains salvation. One more thing should be noted. Just as there is a view that immortality is the natural dharma of the soul, so there is a view that the soul or man wants to attain immortality, it is an achievement and can be achieved.

Meaning of Immortality

According to the mythological idea of ​​immortality, there is a drink called ‘Amrit’ in Devlok and by drinking it the gods become immortal. According to Yoga Shastra, the human body also becomes immortal by yoga, that is, by continuous yoga, Kundalini Shakti is awakened and by the yoga of that power, the body of a worthy person becomes immortal.

Also Madhvacharya has said in the ‘Raseshwardarshan’ chapter of ‘Sarvadarshansangraha’ that in the tradition of the righteous, by the practice of mercury, the human body becomes immortal, at least the body can be kept young for a long time. Parad means mercury. The medicinal uses of mercury have been explained in a number of ways in Ayurveda.

The immortality of the soul is a special kind of belief. The reason for the belief is that there is no scientific proof of such immortality. But this is not just a superstition, because the belief in immortality is based on certain types of thought systems and therefore has a great influence on the human mind.

To explain our intellectual and moral matters, we have to conceive of a soul separate from the body and possessing psychic powers and moral qualities such as consciousness, memory, intelligence, etc. This soul, which is beyond material creation, must be immortal.

The philosopher Spinoza (1632–77) acknowledges the immortality of the soul. But he does not believe that the meaning of the soul is the immortality of the individual. According to him, the entire universe is conscious and after the death of the individual, his limited consciousness merges into the immortal cosmic consciousness.

Ancient Indian Hindu, Jain and Buddhist philosophies held that a person’s soul is immortal. The difference between them, like in Advaita Vedanta, is that in the state of salvation the soul becomes pure divine form and its life force or personality is destroyed. Because that existence is false. However, Indian Hindu culture accepts the immortality of the soul based on the principles of karma.

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