In this article we will know what is MLC election in India. At present only 6 states in India have Legislative Councils. Apart from this, Legislative Councils are also in existence in Bihar, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The term of a member of the Legislative Council is 6 years. Minimum age should be 30 years to contest MLC election.
What is MLC election in India
Most of the states have only Legislative Assembly. This means that these states have a unicameral legislature. Many states have two houses of legislature, which include the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. In the states which have a bicameral legislature, it is similar to that of the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha in the Parliament. In this, the Lok Sabha can be considered as the Legislative Assembly while like the Rajya Sabha, there is a Legislative Council.
Just as the members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people, so is the case with the Legislative Assembly. On the contrary, just as the members of the Rajya Sabha are not directly elected by the people but by the people’s representatives, similarly the members of the Legislative Council are not directly elected. The Legislative Assembly is called the Lower House or Popular House and the Legislative Council is called the Upper House.
MLC members are also elected through voting. But, the general public does not participate in this process of voting. At the same time, in this process, MLC members are selected by the public representatives elected by the people.
In India, MLCs participate in the elections along with the MLAs, Zilla Panchayat members, Kshetra Panchayat members and elected representatives of the Municipal Corporation or Municipality under the local body constituency. In these, some candidates are selected by the MLA and some candidates are selected under the local body constituency.
The Legislative Council consists of a fixed number of members. Not more than one third of the members of the Legislative Assembly should be in the Legislative Council. For example, suppose there are 403 members of the Legislative Assembly in Uttar Pradesh, then the UP Legislative Council cannot have more than 134 members. Apart from this, it is necessary to have at least 40 members in the Legislative Council. Let us inform that there are 100 seats in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and the status of MLC is equal to that of MLA.
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