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What is Sati system in India

In this article we will know what is the system of Sati in India. At present the Prevention of Sati Act 1987 is in force in India. At present, worshiping and glorifying Sati is prohibited in India. The court has also laid down guidelines in this regard to ensure that the practice of Sati is not described as noble in any way. The definition of Sati is also broad in this Act.

What is Sati system in India

The Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987 The Act criminalizes abetment or compulsion of people to do Sati and provides for severe punishment for it. There is also a ban on performing Sati ceremonies and raising funds for Sati temples. The power to take preventive action in this matter has been delegated to the State Government and primarily to the District Collector. So let us know in detail what is the practice of Sati and what is the history of this practice.

What is Sati system in India

Sati is a woman who dies with her husband when he dies. The system of Sati is ancient and is found in different countries and castes of the world. Cultural historians claim that it was imitated by the indigenous people of India. According to scholars, the practice of Sati was prevalent in the societies of many of the world’s oldest tribes in Europe and the Far East.

Historians believe that the practice of Sati was practiced by some people during the pre-Vedic period in India. Evidence of the existence of the system of Sati in India mainly from Bengal, Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kashmir etc. is found in inscriptions, ancient Sanskrit literature and accounts of foreign travellers.

The ritual of Sati’s departure varies from region to region according to tradition and changes over time. Shuddhitattva This book gives a detailed description of the practice of Sati. There are some examples of the system of Sati in the novels and Harshacharitas of Banabhatta as well as in Nirnayasindhu and Dharmasindhu. But Banabhatta mentions this trick in the novel and strongly condemns it and shows that fools adopt this trick. According to the arrow, this is the effect of temptation. A person who commits sati because of suicide goes to hell.

Due to this ideology of Bana, he has no problem in calling him the first intellectual opponent of Sati. It is said that a woman who commits sati with temptation even after Mahanirvanatantra goes to hell.

In northern India, especially in Kashmir, during the eighth to eleventh centuries, many women appear to have been victims of the practice of sati. It is mentioned in Kalhana’s Rajatarangini. According to Kalhan, not only the women of the royal family but also the concubines, sisters and mothers of the king used to accompany him.

The queen Suryamati is accompanied by Gangadhar, Takkibuddha and Dandak Dasas and Udda is the maidservant of Nonikashavalga etc. Everyone entered the fire but Hindu theology did not accept Sati. Manu did not even pay attention to this practice. Vishnusmriti has condemned this practice. There is no mention of Sati in the Upanishads, Jain and Buddhist literature. The practice of Sati must have been somewhat prevalent in the pre-Vedic period as some references in the Rigveda and Atharvaveda are reminiscent of this ancient practice. But the Vedic Aryans were supporters of life-giving ideas.

According to the Vayu Purana, Prajapati is known as the daughter of Sati, Daksha and Prasuti, and the consort of Lord Shiva. Dakshinakanya Sati set herself on fire by jumping into the Yagya Kund because her father had insulted her husband on the occasion of the Yagya. Sati is also associated with this story.

The mention of Sati in Padma Purana is limited to the Kshatriya Varna. An inscription dated 1057 AD at Belaturu in Karnataka mentions that a Shudra woman had committed sati and a sati stone was erected in her memory. This shows that not only the women of the royal family used to go for sati, but also other ordinary women.

The reason for the practice of Sati going away has been variously. Looking at the fire, the bride and groom take an oath to be with each other till death. Due to such belief, after the death of the husband, the system of sati by adopting the path of sexual intercourse with the wife may become prevalent. She should be expected to be reunited with her husband afterwards.

The practice of Sati is an example of masculinity in ancient society. This practice indicates that even after the death of the husband, his right over the body and life of his wife does not cease. Similarly, in the absence of Sati, the widow should be divorced, lead a miserable life and is forbidden to remarry.

It was believed that it is better for a widow to die, than not to fill her stomach until she dies. Therefore, she must be accepting the path of Sati with the hope of getting rid of such mortal life.

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