In this article, we will know what is the Muslim population in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is an island country located in the northern part of the Indian Ocean in South Asia. The distance of this country located in the south of India is only 31 kilometers from India. Until 1972 its name was Ceylon, which was changed to Lanka in 1972 and Sri Lanka by adding the respectful word “Sri” in 1978. In 2022, the population of Sri Lanka is 2.20 crore.
What is the Muslim population in Sri Lanka
At present the Muslim population in Sri Lanka is around 21 lakhs, which is about 10% of the total population. Buddhism is the largest religion in Sri Lanka with about 70% of the population. Here people of Hindu religion come second. The Sri Lankan Muslim community is divided into Sri Lankan Moors, Indian Moors and Sri Lankan Malays based on their history and traditions.
Sri Lankan Moors are of diverse origin, with some tracing their ancestry to Arab traders who first settled in Sri Lanka around the 9th century, and who intermarried with local women. The concentration of Moors is highest in Ampara, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.
History of Muslims in Sri Lanka
By the 7th century, Arab traders controlled much of the trade on the Indian Ocean, including Sri Lanka. Many of these traders settled in Sri Lanka, encouraging the spread of Islam.
However, when the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka during the 16th century, many Muslim descendants of the Arabs were persecuted, thus forcing them to migrate to the Central Highlands and the East Coast.
In modern times, Muslims in Sri Lanka have the Department of Muslim Religious and Cultural Affairs, which was established in the 1980s to prevent the continued isolation of the Muslim community from the rest of Sri Lanka. Today, about 10% of Sri Lankans practice Islam, mostly from the Moor and Malay ethnic communities on the island.
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