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What is Water Crisis and Water Scarcity in India

In this article, we will know what is the Water Crisis and Water Scarcity in India. According to the Composite Water Management Index report released by NITI Aayog in 2018, 21 major cities of the country and about 100 million people living in these cities are facing the serious problem of water crisis. In which the main cities are Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad etc. 12% of India’s population is already living in ‘Day Zero’ condition.

What is Water Crisis and Water Scarcity in India

What is Water Scarcity

Water scarcity refers to the lack of available water resources to meet the demands of water use within an area. About 2.8 billion people living on all continents of the world are affected by water scarcity for at least one month every year. More than 1.2 billion people do not have clean drinking water.

Water availability is decreasing due to increasing demand for water resources, climate change and population explosion. According to an estimate, countries like the Middle-East region of Asia, most of North Africa, Pakistan, Turkey, Afghanistan and Spain are likely to experience extreme water crisis by the year 2040. Simultaneously, many other countries may also face high water stress including India, China, South Africa, America and Australia.

What is Water Crisis in India

The problems of water crisis in India are mainly indicated in the southern and north-western parts, the geographical location of these regions is such that it receives less rainfall, the Chennai coast does not receive rainfall from the south-west monsoon. Similarly, as the monsoon advances in the north-west, it weakens, reducing the amount of rainfall. Monsoon instability is also a major cause of water crisis in India. Rainfall has decreased in recent years due to the effects of El Nio, creating a water crisis situation.

India’s agricultural ecology is conducive to crops that require more water to produce, such as rice, wheat, sugarcane, jute and cotton, etc. The problem of water scarcity is especially present in the agricultural areas having these crops. In Haryana and Punjab, the situation of water crisis has arisen due to the intensification of agriculture.

Serious efforts are not made to reuse water resources in Indian cities, which is why the problem of water crisis in urban areas has reached an alarming state. Instead of reusing most of the water in cities, it is channeled directly into the river. There is a lack of awareness among the people regarding water conservation.

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